Christ before Caiaphas


Courage to overcome the world.

The month particularly consecrated to the Heart of Jesus opens this year with the feast. It is the day chosen by our Lord Himself to receive the more fervent homage of His faithful servants in reparation for the neglect of the tepid, and the outrages of the bad. It is also the day on which His Divine Heart loves to pour out more richly upon His friends the graces of His infinite bounty. We have therefore the right to choose, amongst the gifts we hope for, that which we most need, and which will best aid us to defend His interests and fulfil His will.

To the greater number of Catholics, alas, the choice can scarcely be a doubtful one. The painful circumstances in which they are placed, and which every day intrude themselves more rudely upon their lives, makes it too clear for them to doubt. Discouragement attacks their hearts on every side. We who have not advanced as yet so far into the thick of the fight, and have not yet realized so cruelly the deadly nature of the ambush, may need to think and pray to understand the call which will be presently made upon our courage, but it will come for us as surely as it has come upon Catholics in almost every country, who are now struggling against such desperate odds in the battle for the faith.

Let us then lift our voices with our brethren throughout the world; let us ask for them, and for ourselves as well, that which amongst all the virtues of the Sacred Heart is at the same time the hardest and the most necessary to imitate, the want of which would be our most grievous ruin, the exercise of which our greatest glory—unfailing courage.

Precisely because at this moment in so many places the combat against God's enemies seems most hopeless, and the motives of discouragement most strong, the more fixedly ought we to keep our eyes upon the Divine Heart and upon the motives and example which we find there of a courage which can never fail. Not the least striking amongst the evidences of the divine life hidden under our Saviour's form is that exquisite harmony of qualities the most opposed. In other men such gifts, the more perfect they are in themselves the more difficult it is to reconcile them with others; the more distinguished the courage of a soldier the less right have we to expect him to be a model of meekness too; in Jesus Christ alone virtues the widest apart attain a height of perfection in which they mingle and become one; in the Gospel picture we behold Him perfect at the same time in sweetness and strength, His courage and His meekness are equal; the Heart of Jesus is the Heart of the Lamb of God, but it is also the Heart of the Lion of Juda; and the sweetness of the Lamb, far from diminishing the courage of the Lion, only displays its strength; it is because that courage is exercised without an effort that it is thus absolutely free from all violence; no need has He to resist fear, for fear is unknown to Him. One only thing He feared, it is true, for a while, but it was no temporal calamity; it was that dread responsibility for the infinite evil of sin which fell upon Him in His quality as our Head, and of which inexorable justice made Him feel the whole crushing weight; then, indeed, when He saw Himself compelled to drink, to receive, as it were, into His very breast, and make His own, the bitter dregs of that chalice of our sins-—then Jesus feared and prayed for grace; but of bodily torments and such evils as man can inflict, not only He knew no fear, but He longed for them, and showed His gratitude to the executioners who wrought them. Let us trace the history of the courage of the Heart of Jesus.

From the first moment of His life He knew all the pain awaiting Him; no dolorous feature of His life was hidden from His eyes; with perfect liberty and fullest resolution He embraced it, not turning away His thoughts from its contemplation, but feeding on the thought—opus ejus coram illo—“His work was before Him.”*

* Isaias lxii. II.

There are those who are very brave when the battle is yet afar off, but whose courage oozes.out as the time comes; but danger takes nothing from the calm intrepidity of the Heart of Jesus Christ. When He is told that Herod, who had slain St. John the Baptist, is preparing the same fate for Him, and He is besought to seek safety, see if His answer betokens fear: "Go, tell that fox," He says, "behold, I cast out devils, and do cures to-day and to-morrow, and the third day I am consummated.”+

+ St. Luke xiii. 32.

At another time, when the Chief Priests are conspiring His death, and He has retired beyond the Jordan, Lazarus falls sick and dies; He goes to raise him: "Rabbi," cry the disciples, "the Jews but now sought to stone Thee, and goest Thou thither again?" Jesus answers them: "Are there not twelve hours in the day?" To fulfil those twelve hours of His Father's will, this was His only solicitude. But the appointed hour comes, the night of the double treason of Judas and Peter, of the flight of His disciples, of the triumph of His foes. He chooses that time to prepare for those who are to abandon Him, the banquet of His love; and so little has He lost sight of His impending Passion, that He awaits not His betrayer in the supper room, but says as He closes His discourse: "But that the world may know that I love the Father, and as the Father hath given Me commandment, so do I: arise, let us go hence."* When Judas approaches with his band, He goes straight to meet them: "Whom seek ye?" He asks; and when they answer Him, "Jesus of Nazareth," He says to them, with a firmness which makes them fall prostrate at His feet, "I am He."

The different tribunals to which He is conducted give each their testimony of the courage of His Heart; and those who in all future ages are called to suffer for His sake, have but to look upon Him there to learn how the truth should be confessed. First, it is the High Priest who summons Him to profess His claim to be the Son of God. With fullest knowledge of his motive and its consequences, Jesus answers without hesitation: "Thou hast said it, and I say to you that hereafter you shall see the Son of Man seated on the right hand of the power of God, and coming in the clouds of Heaven." + Those words brought the swift sentence of death upon Him, but before it could be carried out it was necessary that it should be ratified by the Roman Governor, and to obtain this a new accusation was needed. The title of the Son of God would cause but little anxiety to Pilate, so He is denounced as proclaiming Himself King. "Art Thou a King, then?" demanded Pilate. "Thou sayest truly,'' answered our Lord, "I am a King. For this was I born, for this I am come into the world, to give testimony to the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth My voice.” % In so explaining the nature of His Kingship Jesus indeed left His interrogator no right to condemn Him; but He knew that that Kingship of His which exercises its authority over the soul of man, and over kings and potentates no less than over their subjects, is for human pride the most intolerable of all yokes, and that in declaring it, He was providing the pretext of all the persecutions which His Church should suffer till the end of time. He provided also the occasion for His enemies to force the weakness of Pilate to condemn Him: "If thou release this Man thou art not Caesar's friend."* For it was high treason then, as it is held high treason now, for Jesus Christ to dispute with the power of the State for the empire over souls.

* St. John xiv. 31. + St. Matt. xxvi. 64. % St. John xviii. 37.

Jesus knew it. Along with the crosses of all those who should testify in after times to His royal right to the obedience of men's hearts, He saw His own brought forth, and on that Cross His kingly title is fixed high; He would show us by His outstretched hands, His generous confession, His patient death, what we should be prepared to suffer when in our turn we too have to defend the right. Our turn does not seem to have come yet. While Catholics abroad are suffering insult and persecution as they see the faith of their children torn from them, we still may dream of peace. Most foolishly we should deceive ourselves if we did so. That diabolical conspiracy by which Freemasonry is robbing souls of their eternal treasure in so many countries of the world, is calmly busy in our midst; its slow insidious steps are creeping most surely year by year upon ourselves.


O Jesus, through the most pure Heart of Mary, I offer the prayers, work, and sufferings of this day for all the intentions of Thy Divine Heart. 1 offer them in particular to obtain courage for those who are suffering persecution for Thee, that though all hopes seem to fail, they may still be brave, and triumphantly conquer in Thy name. Amen. * St. John xix. 12.

For the triumph of the Church and Holy See, and the Catholic regeneration of nations.

Meditations on the Mysteries of the Rosary

from the From French of Father Monsabre, O.P.
translated by Very Reverend Stephen Byrne, O.P.



JESUS, having been taken from the cross, is placed in a new sepulchre in which His flesh, fearfully mangled by the ordeal through which it had passed, reposed for a little while. Its rest was not the deep sleep which weighs down human beings after they breathe their last sigh, and from which only the trumpet of the angel will awaken them ; it is a tranquil slumber from which the voice of God will soon arouse Him.

Two passions — hatred and fear — watch round His tomb. It is covered with a huge stone and secured by the seal of the synagogue. The soldiers are on guard to prevent any secret approach. It is confidently believed that these precautions will stifle for ever in the tomb the voice of Him who had said of His body : "Destroy this temple, and in three days I will build it up again (John ii. 19). How ridiculous and foolish men make themselves when they attempt to run counter to the designs of God or to give the lie to His promises ! On the morning of the third day there is an earthquake ; an angel descends and rolls away the stone ; and the flesh of Jesus, receiving Life again by the divine power, springs forth, glorious and immortal, from the arms of Death.

Let us adore our risen Saviour! No longer is He a prisoner whom the soldiers of the synagogue and the pretorium drag about from one tribunal to another ; no longer is He the man forsaken by His Father and His friends, and complaining most touchingly of the rigors of divine justice ; no more is He the condemned man whom all insult who dare address Him ; no longer is he the man covered with wounds and become like a leper whose aspect is fearful to look upon ; nor is He any more the dead body which His afflicted Mother enshrouded with reverent hands and saw laid in a sepulchre. Now He is free, joyous, triumphant, radiant, immortal. Let us, with the Psalmist, sing to the Lord : " Thou hast broken my bonds, and I will offer to Thee a sacrifice of praise." Thou hast not forgotten the Just One in His tomb, "nor hast Thou allowed Thy Holy One to see corruption." With St. Paul we will cry out : " O death ! where is thy victory ? O death ! where is thy sting?" (1 Cor. xv.) "Christ rising from the dead, dieth now no more, death shall have no more dominion over Him ; for in that He liveth, He liveth to God" (Rom. vi.) Let us sing these canticles of joy and then turn our thoughts upon ourselves.

This great mystery includes for us a lesson, a figure, and a promise.

The ineffable joy and glory of the Resurrection have been purchased at the price of most horrible sufferings. It was inevitable. It is our Saviour Himself who tells it to those who, like the disciples of Emmaus, might be scandalized or weakened on account of His Passion : " Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and so to have entered into His glory ? " (Luke xxiv.) Now, the road of soldiers must be the same as that travelled by their leader. Enlisted under the banner of Jesus Christ, we cannot hope to attain the incorruptible glory and unalloyed happiness, promised by Almighty God, through the broad pathway of pleasure and enjoyment, which is unhappily too much frequented. Jesus did not take that road. It was the rough way of sorrow and pain, in which we can easily trace His bloody foot- steps, that conducted Him to eternal honors. It was the cross He bore and on which He died that opened the gates of heaven, barred and bolted against the luxury of worldlings. The motto of every Christian ought to be : "Let me suffer, O Lord ! in this life, that I may live eternally in the next."

This is the lesson of the Resurrection.

There is in it also a symbol or figure. The mystery of the Resurrection is a lively figure of the spiritual transformation which ought to take place in each of us. Sin is death. It is the tomb in which the captive soul sleeps a fatal sleep. The enemy takes all manner of precautions to prevent its awakening. Yet he cannot prevent the voice of God from reaching even this sepulchre of the sinful soul. " Arise," says that voice, " thou who sleepest ; arise from the dead. Christ will enlighten thee " (Ephes. v.) At the first sound of that voice let us rise from sin. We may never hear it more. Death long continued will breed corruption.

But how will I rise ? How break the cords that tie me down ? How roll away the heavy stone that is laid over me ? How break the inveterate habits and the shameful laxity of the will, which is weakened so much by its many consents to sin ? Courage, Christian ! In the figure just given there is a promise. For us Christ died, and " for our justification He rose again." The divine virtue of His glorified humanity will one day bring together the scattered dust of our bodies, and will make our flesh, dissolved in death, live again eternally incorrupt ; but at present He addresses Himself to the soul especially to draw it from sin to justice, and to give it strength to " walk in the pathway of a blessed newness of life."

I count on Thee, O my adorable Master ! Have pity on me ! I am dead, or at least I feel myself dying day by day ; for it is not life that languishes in tepidity. In virtue of Thy blessed Resurrection enable me to rise from the tomb of my failings. Create, O Lord ! a new spirit within me, so that, penetrated with Thy light, disengaged from the influences of the flesh, active and alert in good works, and bent upon the perfection of my life, I may live henceforth only for Thee, as Thou livest only for God.


LET us go to Mount Olivet. Thither Jesus brings His disciples for the last time. He recalls to their minds their divine mission, confirms the powers conferred upon them, again promises the Holy Spirit, gives them His blessing, bids them adieu, and rises towards heaven. The hearts of the apostles, divided between grief and wonder, follow with their eyes their adorable Master, who is leaving them, and whom they will never see again on earth. A bright cloud intercepts their view of the triumphant humanity of their Saviour, but they continue to look towards the heavens whither He had ascended. Now they understand all ; and their hearts, so recently gross and carnal, break all earthly chains.

Let us with them raise our hearts to heaven. Sursum corda ! If Jesus leaves us He does not forget us, nor does He abandon us to our exile without hope. His going is not to put an immense distance between His glory and our misery ; it is to prepare a place for us : " I go to prepare a place for you " (John xiv. 2). This is His promise ; can we suppose He will not keep it?

O Jesus, our only love! we have need of hearing this good word fall from Thy adorable lips to console us in Thy absence. Thou goest to prepare a place for us; is this world, therefore, not our most suitable home? Ah ! no. It is too full of troubles to give that joy to the heart to which it aspires; it is too narrow to satiate the immensity of our desires ; it is too uncertain to give us any assurance of eternal possession, the idea of which is inseparable from all our dreams of happiness. The eternal life of God, His infinite perfections, the perfect love of God, the boundless space which His immensity fills — this is the "length and breadth and depth" of which St. Paul speaks; this is the place to which we should direct our course and in which we should anchor our bark of life, the place which Jesus went to prepare for us.

He is there indeed. It is our humanity that triumphs in his person and sits at the right hand of God. Even if we were not called to a participation in His glory and beatitude we ought to be anxious to know where it is and to register His victory in our human records. If he belongs to God He belongs to us also; if He is of the divine substance He is also of our flesh and blood, and we may well declare with a holy doctor: " Where a part of me reigns, I believe I reign also; where my flesh is glorified, I am glorified; where my blood is king, I too am king."

But listen, Christian! Jesus does not wish to reduce you to the sterile honor of knowing His triumph. By His ascension He enters into the bosom of God the Father, not as a delegate, but as a precursor of humanity. This is the expression of St. Paul in his sixth chapter to the Hebrews. The precursor prepares the way for those who follow Him, and the place in which they are to rest after the fatigue of the journey. The precursor puts all things in order; He waits for His friends and calls them in. But how much more certain and efficacious His office is when, instead of being a servant merely, He is master of those for whom He prepares a place, and master of the place as well!

Christ, our precursor, is all this. Let us consider carefully the words of the apostle. He teaches us that Christ asserted our rights by His very presence in the bosom of God. For we are His property, and He has a right to enter into heaven with what belongs to Him. " He is our head; we are the body and members of that head." But where the head is, there likewise ought to be the body and the members. But Jesus would be our precursor only half-way if, by His action, He did not put us in condition to realize our lights — that is to say, if He did not prepare God to receive us and did not prepare us to take possession of God.

He is our priest "for ever"; or, in other words, He presents eternally to God the most sacred gifts that humanity has to offer, and to humanity the most sacred gifts of God. Our acts of religion would never have penetrated this sanctuary, in which they ought to mark out a place for us, if they did not pass through the hands of Jesus Christ. And if we return to God after our transgression, our repentance is only acceptable because "we have an advocate with the Father — Jesus Christ, the Just." If the groans of our misery or the expressions of our love are heard in heaven it is because Jesus appropriates them; for "He lives only to intercede for us.' He shows to the Father the marks of His glorious wounds, and makes His blood plead more strongly than that of Abel.

O God! Thou canst not resist this strong cry. It must be that Thou permittest us to mark our places in the sacred tabernacles which Thou fillest with Thy blessedness. This is the will of my Lord Jesus; and in preparing Thee to receive us He prepares us to take possession of Thee. The incarnate Word, humbled and annihilated in the days of His life on earth, became on the day of His ascension the inexhaustible treasury of the gifts of God. "Christ, ascending on high, led captivity captive, and gave gifts to men" (Ephes. iv. 8). Thus it is that the remedies of our faults, the succor of our weakness, the light of our darkness, the solace of our pains, the impulses towards good, all descend into our souls to make them worthy of God, whom we ought to possess. He extends His benign influence even to our corruptible flesh, which He prepares for the resurrection.

O Christian! meditate upon this glorious and consoling mystery. Never more turn to creatures as the end of your life. This world is not your resting-place. Honors, riches, pleasures, human affections are unworthy of a great and generous soul. Look to your Leader and Precursor; have confidence in His divine ministry; abandon yourself to His holy grace; raise your heart to heaven. Sursum corda!


THE apostles were assembled together in one place, awaiting in recollection and prayer the effect of the promises of Jesus. For He had said: "And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and will take you to myself ; that where I am you also may be. . . . And I will ask the Father, and He shall give you another Paraclete [comforter or advocate], that He may abide with you for ever ; the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth Him not nor knoweth Him ; but you shall know Him, because He shall abide with you and be with you " (John xiv. 3, 16, 17). Ten days after the Ascension of our Lord a mighty event took place. It was the fulfillment of the promise, and is thus recorded in the Acts of the Apostles : And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a mighty wind coming, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. And there appeared to them cloven tongues as it were of fire, and it sat upon each one of them ; and they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and they began to speak with divers tongues, according as the Holy Ghost gave them to speak" (Acts ii.)

O wonderful prodigy ! But a moment ago these men were ignorant and could not clearly understand the doctrine of their Master; now they possess a full knowledge of the most sublime truths. At one moment they express themselves in a weak and stammering manner; the next they are filled with a marvelous eloquence. At one moment they are weak and timid even to the extent of cowardice — they hide themselves, so as not to be involved in the misfortunes of their Master ; the next they come forth boldly, and fearlessly proclaim their faith and love, and this, too, before a people who load them with injuries and drag them before, their tribunals. They seem at one moment ungrateful and almost without hope; the next they are devoted to the words of their Master, even unto death. Now they are sad and downcast ; all at once their hearts abound in hope and joy. What has happened ? The Holy Ghost, having descended from heaven, has brought to perfection in the souls of the disciples the spirit and form of the Christian life, which until now were only in a crude, inchoative state. This is His special mission. The holy Fathers have sometimes called Him the " perfective force."

Learn from this, O Christian soul ! that the effusion of the Holy Spirit is as necessary for thy salvation as is the application of the blood and merits of Jesus Christ. " The end of man, which is to see God and possess Him eternally, is beyond the powers of nature," says St. Thomas of Aquin ; " our reason cannot conduct us to it, if its natural movement does not bring to its aid the instinct and motion of the Spirit of God. 9 ' It is so necessary for us that without it we possess only the rudiments of the Christian and supernatural life.

Jesus, the divine Architect, makes of our souls His temples, having purified them with His precious blood. It is the Holy Ghost who consecrates us in marking us with His character, and conferring upon us the unction of His love and the illumination of His gifts. Pentecost is therefore, in the Church, a universal and perpetual festival. Our baptism is a pentecost; our confirmation is a pentecost. Besides this, as St. Thomas teaches, the divine Paraclete returns constantly in His secret visits, to illuminate, strengthen, and beautify with His gifts the souls of the just.

But let us hear attentively the word of God : " The Lord does not come in times of disturbance " (3 Kings xix.) We must have peace in our souls ; we must remove the agitation of vain thoughts and of vain desires, if we would receive the Spirit of God. Let us await His coming, like the apostles, in recollection and prayer.

It is not likely that God will surprise us by sudden visits of His light and grace ; in the ordinary workings of His providence He only sends His Holy Spirit to us when we say with earnest fervor : Come ! Veni Sancte Spiritus !

Let us invoke Him, then, in the dark night of temptation, in the agony of doubt. When, enveloped in the darkness of ignorance and drawn on by the glare of creatures, our uncertain spirit asks for the truth to guide it ; and when, desirous of the knowledge and light of faith, we desire to penetrate the divine mysteries, let us invoke the Holy Spirit, for he is indeed the " Spirit of wisdom, understanding, and knowledge."

When we are moved to determine and fix our vocation in life, when we are about to perform some work in which our consciences are deeply concerned, or if it is our duty to direct. souls in the ways of God, let us invoke the " Spirit of counsel."

When we feel the love of God languish in our hearts, or even when we are moved by a holy zeal and we wish to love God with good effect, let us invoke the Holy Spirit, for He is truly the " Spirit of piety ."

When the power of evil attacks us and the world persecutes us, when passion torments us, and when sorrow oppresses us, let us earnestly call Him to our assistance, for He is the " Spirit of fortitude."

When the abyss of sin is open before us and ready to engulf us, let us invoke Him with all our strength, for He is the "Spirit of the fear of the Lord,"

In all our sufferings let us invoke Him, for He is indeed the Paraclete — the Comforter.

Against the slavery of all evil habits that weigh down the will let us invoke Him, for " where the Spirit of God is, there is true liberty."

Has He come ? Then let us meet Him with attention, vigilance, and profound respect. Let us not "'grieve the Spirit of God by our faults and imperfections."


MARY languished waiting anxiously many years for the blessed day that would reunite Her with Her Son. It came at length. Her lamp of life was peacefully extinguished in the home of the beloved disciple, St. John, surrounded by other apostles, whose messages she bore to heaven. A virgin sepulchre received the mortal remains of the spotless Virgin. It was the mysterious cradle soon to be visited by the Author of life. Sleep on, dear Blessed Mother, sleep on, whilst the infant Church mourns around thy grave !

Soon one of the disciples desired to see again His Mother's face, and to kiss the blessed hand that had caressed the Saviour of the world. The tomb was opened, but the immaculate body was not there ; instead of it were found roses and lilies of the sweetest perfume — a fitting symbol of her perfections and virtues.

Thus a miracle is performed in the silent shade of the tomb. Jesus, from the highest heavens contemplating the spotless body which was the tabernacle of His humanity, repeated the words of the prophet : " Thou wilt not give Thy Holy One to see corruption." He applies it to His holy Mother ; He will not suffer Her to feel the corruption of the grave. Mary slumbers in death, as Her Son once did, but He awakes Her with these loving words of the Canticles : "Arise, make haste, my love, my dove, my beautiful one, and come. The winter is now past ; the rain is over and gone. The flowers have appeared in our land ; the time of pruning is come ; the voice of the turtle is heard. The fig-tree has put forth her green figs ; the vines in flower yield their sweet smell. Arise, my love, my beautiful one, and come. . . . Come from Libanus, where the incorruptible cedars grow. Come and be crowned." *

* Antiphon of the Assumption.

Mary can neither rise nor ascend to heaven of Her own power, but the Author of life extends to Her His omnipotent force, places His angels at Her service, and they bear Her to Her home in heaven.

To us poor mortals the privilege of incorruption in the tomb does not belong. Wretched children of Adam, defiled, from the first moment of our existence, by original sin, unfaithful to the grace of our regeneration, frequently guilty of sin after having been pardoned, we have opened to death all the avenues of life. Death entered with sin and has written on our flesh this terrible word : Corruption ! Nothing escapes its cruel tooth. The skin, gradually eaten away, soon disappears entirely, leaving only a dry skeleton ; and this, too, silently crumbling into dust, is mingled with the surrounding earth by the grave-digger's spade when he is preparing a place for other dead bodies. This is the end of all.

Let us not be terrified, however, at our nothingness. Men may seek for us in vain ; but the all-seeing eye of God follows through the mazes of nature the wanderings of the particles which once composed our bodies. When the world shall have finished its course the Author of life will visit the empire of death, and with His sovereign voice will address the elements of which human bodies were once constituted, saying : " Unite, arise, come." Then the bones of each human being shall be recomposed, and the flesh shall recover the texture and color by which it was once before known. This is a certain truth.

And it is no less certain that our resurrection will be the same as our death. It will be glorious or ignominious, it will be for eternal joy or eternal sorrow, according as our death shall have been in justice or sin.

Let us meditate seriously on these truths ; and whilst we carry about with us our bodies as vessels made by the divine hand for honor, and destined to receive from the same hand a new existence which no inimical force can destroy, let us take good care not to make of them objects of almost idolatrous attention which cannot save them from the ravages of time or the corruption of the grave. If to-day we hear the forebodings of death, if we are saddened by our infirmities, if our thoughts are gloomy and dark, if the perfection of our souls is retarded or burdened with the weight of our bodies, let us not repine. Patience ! Patience ! One day this poor companion of the soul will rise immortal, incorruptible, brighter than the stars of heaven, obedient to the commands of the soul which will impart to it a wonderful agility. If the body presses us with gross demands, and even incites to sin, we must inexorably repress it. We must preserve ourselves from all defilement by wise precautions, strong resolutions, and salutary chastisements. The more we resemble in the flesh the unsullied flesh of our Holy Mother, the more resplendent will be the glory of our resurrection.


HEAVEN is opened. Our Most Holy Mother, invited by Her Son, triumphantly enters in. " Come and be crowned,’ our Saviour says to Her. Let us assist in spirit at this coronation. It is the eternal consecration of all the virtues, of all the dolors of Mary. It is the recompense which confers upon Her the greatest power ever before imparted to a creature. All the kings of Judah gather round their well-beloved daughter. " David dances for joy ; the angels and archangels unite with Israel's sweet singer to chant the praises of their Queen. The virtues proclaim Her glory ; the principalities, powers, and dominations exult with joy ; the thrones felicitate Her who was the living and immaculate throne of the Most High. The cherubim salute Her in a canticle of praise, and the seraphim declare Her glory," says St. John Damascene. Finally Jesus comes, and, amid the plaudits of the whole Court of Heaven, places a crown on the brow of His Most Blessed Mother.

Jesus forgets nothing. All is crowned in Mary : Her thoughts, Her desires, Her actions, Her virtues, Her merits — even Her privileges, of which She had rendered Herself most worth by Her constant correspondence with the admirable designs of God. The feast of the Coronation is a feast of justice.

Christian soul, this feast of justice ought to rejoice your heart ! It is your Mother is honored, it is your Mother's triumph ; and Her triumph teaches us that we have a just God in heaven, who, when the day of remuneration comes, will remember all. Therefore what signify the difficulties, sorrows, languors, and tribulations of our short lives ? "For the rest there is laid up for us a crown of justice which the Lord, the just judge, will bestow upon us in that day" (2 Tim. iv.) O senseless souls who run after earthly goods, can you say this of the world you seem to adore or of the rulers of the world ? They promise riches, pleasures, celebrity, love. Your whole soul is held in a state of tension by the toys of imagination, covetous desires, or other passions ; your senses themselves are disturbed, your health is injured, your life is filled with intrigues, troubles, and meannesses. Humble yourselves, throw away earthly cares, else you will never be able to say, with the noble and fervent confidence of the true Christian : " There is laid up for me a crown." Crowns of gold or of roses, of honor or affection, often slip from your grasp just when you think you hold them most securely. And if you were able to obtain at once all the crowns of the world, you must bring them at last before the "just Judge," who will, with pitiless hand, tear them from your brow and throw them down to rot where you received them. We cannot carry with us to heaven useless or hurtful ornaments. Our crown in heaven — our true crown — will remain eternally on our brow and will never fade. "And when the Prince of pastors shall appear you shall receive a never-fading crown of glory " (1 Peter v. 4).

Feed yourself, then, O my soul ! on these deep and consoling thoughts. The all-just Rewarder of all faithful souls sees you and knows you. Despise the vain objects of worldlings and cling to the road that brings you to a crown of glory. It is a rough and difficult road. You will have to overcome obstacles, to leap over more than one abyss, to avoid ambuscades(def. attack from an ambush.), to fight the enemy, to repair reverses and even defeats. Courage ! Courage ! All your marches, all your efforts, all your labors and combats are in God's keeping : " For the rest there is laid up for you a crown." You will say: " If I could only march alone on the hard road leading to glory ! But no ; I must carry along with me this miserable body. It is a furnace of sin, and of sorrow too. It obscures my sight so that I cannot see clearly what I ought to see ; from it come doubts, scruples, dryness, disquietude, chagrin, and anguish. From time and from nature it receives many blows and wounds. How many are the evils, both external and internal, of our sad lives ! " Courage ! Courage ! All these are counted ; all will be crowned. At once a champion, a pilgrim, and a martyr, you will be able to say with the great Apostle of the Gentiles : " I have fought the good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith. For the rest, there is laid up for me a crown of justice, which the Lord, the just judge, will render to me at that day ; and not to me only, but to them also who love His coming " (2 Tim. iv. 7, 8).

Rules for proper observance of Novenas
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Maxims and counsels of St. Francis de Sales

On the emptiness and shortness of human life

Today's Mass
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Roman Missal for use by Laity, 1913in Latin/English. Includes Servites, Benedictines, Jesuit. England, Ireland, Scotland etc.

Franciscan Supplement to the Daily Missal

The lives of the fathers, martyrs, and other principal saints May Volume by Alban Butler
Paschal Time II (2nd week after Easter to May 31)
Paschal Time III (Fifth Sunday after Easter to Saturday in Whitsun Week)

Liturgical Schedule
Date Liturgical Schedule
June 1: Thursday within the Octave of the Ascension
Blessed Alfonso Navarrete and his Companions, the Martyrs of Japan, OP Rite
Dominican Martyrology
June 2: Friday within the Octave of the Ascension
Saints Marcellinus, Peter, and Erasmus, Martyrs
Blessed Sadoc and his Companions, the Martyrs of Sandomir, OP Rite
Dominican Martyrology
June 3: Vigil of Pentecost Saint Clotilde, Queen of the Franks
Dominican Martyrology
June 4: Whit Sunday The Day of Pentecost
Saint Francis Caracciolo, Confessor
The Translation of the Relics of Saint Peter Martyr, OP Rite
Dominican Martyrology
June 5: Monday in Whit Sunday Week
Saint Boniface, Apostle of Germany, Bishop and Martyr
Dominican Martyrology
June 6: Tuesday in Whit Sunday Week
Saint Norbert, Bishop and Confessor
Dominican Martyrology
June 7: Wednesday in Whit Sunday Week
Dominican Martyrology
June 8: Thursday in Whit Sunday Week
Saint William, Bishop and Confessor
Dominican Martyrology
June 9: Friday in Whit Sunday Week
Saints Primus and Felician, Martyrs
Blessed Diana, Cecila and Amata, Virgins, OP Rite
Dominican Martyrology
June 10: Saturday in Whit Sunday Week
Saint Margaret, Queen of Scotland
Blessed John Dominici, Bishop, OP Rite
Dominican Martyrology
June 11: Trinity Sunday
Saint Barnabas, Apostle
Dominican Martyrology
June 12: Monday after Trinity Sunday
Saint John A San Faoundo or of Sahagun, Confessor
Saint Basilides and Companions, Martyrs
Saint Leo the Third, Pope and Confessor
Blessed Stephen Bandelli, Confessor, OP Rite
Dominican Martyrology
June 13: Tuesday after Trinity Sunday
Saint Anthony of Padua, Confessor
Dominican Martyrology
June 14: Wednesday after Trinity Sunday
Saint Basil the Great, Bishop and Doctor of the Church
Dominican Martyrology
June 15: Feast of Corpus Christi
Saints Vitus, Modestus, and Crescentia, Martyrs
Dominican Martyrology
June 16: Friday within the Octave of Corpus Christi
Saints Cyr and Julitta, Martyrs
Dominican Martyrology
June 17: Saturday within the Octave of Corpus Christi
Dominican Martyrology
June 18: Sunday within the Octave of Corpus Christi
Saints Mark and Marcellian Martyrs
Blessed Osanna, Virgin, OP Rite
Dominican Martyrology
June 19: Monday within the Octave of Corpus Christi
Saint Juliana Falconieri, Virgin
Saints Gervase and Protase, Martyrs
Dominican Martyrology
June 20: Tuesday within the Octave of Corpus Christi
Saint Silverius, Pope and Martyr
Dominican Martyrology
June 21: Wednesday within the Octave of Corpus Christi
Saint Aloysius Gonzaga, Confessor
Dominican Martyrology
June 22: Octave Day of Corpus Christi
Saint Alban, Proto-Martyr of England
Saint Paulinus, Bishop and Confessor
Blessed Innocent V, Pope and Confessor, OP Rite
Dominican Martyrology
June 23: Feast of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
The Vigil of Saint John the Baptist
Dominican Martyrology
June 24: The Nativity of Saint John the Baptist
Within the Octave of the Sacred Heart
Dominican Martyrology
June 25: Third Sunday after Pentecost
Saint William, Abbot
Within the Octave of the Saint John
Within the Octave of the Sacred Heart
Dominican Martyrology
June 26: Sixth Sunday after Pentecost
Within the Octave of the Sacred Heart
Within the Octave of the Saint John
Saints John and Paul, Martyrs
Dominican Martyrology
June 27: Fourth Day within the Octave of St. John the Baptist
Within the Octave of the Saint John
Within the Octave of the Sacred Heart
Dominican Martyrology
June 28: Saint Irenseus, Bishop and Martyr
Within the Octave of the Saint John
Within the Octave of the Sacred Heart
Vigil of Saints Peter and Paul, Apostles
St Leo the Second, Pope and Confessor
Dominican Martyrology
June 28: Saint Irenseus, Bishop and Martyr
Within the Octave of the Saint John
Within the Octave of the Sacred Heart
Vigil of Saints Peter and Paul, Apostles
St Leo the Second, Pope and Confessor
Dominican Martyrology
June 29: Saints Peter and Paul, Apostles
Within the Octave of the Saint John
Dominican Martyrology
June 30: Commemoration of St. Paul, Apostle
Dominican Martyrology

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